Teach-Accuro® Bring Image-Guided Neuraxial Techniques to Your Students at No Cost.

Academic Medical Centers and Teaching Hospitals Can Easily Integrate the Accuro Image-Guided Neuraxial Technique into the Curriculum.

Ease The Learning Curve

Accuro technology is designed to simplify image interpretation and reduce the learning curve required to implement neuraxial ultrasonography, making Accuro an ideal adjunct for educators.

Proven Clinical Benefits:
• 48% Reduction inneedle redirects*.
• 57% Reduction in needle insertion time*.
• 95% Overall patient satisfaction*.

Clinical evidence demonstrates that the Accuro-guided technique is superior to blind palpation irrespective of provider experience level, type of neuraxial anesthesia performed, and amount of prior training with Accuro*.

Accuro with lumbar mode preset
Product Features

1. SEE more than 5X* enhancement of bone-to-tissue contrast with Multi-Frequency BoneEnhance® Image Reconstruction technology.

2. FIND the ideal insertion point with Midline (red dashed line) and Cross Hair indicators.

3. AUTOMATICALLY IDENTIFY epidural location with success rates exceeding 94%* using AI-Enabled SpineNav3D Image Recognition technology.

4. MARK needle placement or perform real-time needle guidance with the Accuro Locator needle guide.

Dr. Stephen Garber, Anesthesiologist and Medical Director Obstetric Anesthesiology at Saddleback Medical Center

Intervertebral Level Identification and Image-Guided Epidural Placement in Parturient Presenting Post-Trauma Spinal Instrumentation and Scarring

An Accuro Case Study

Stephen Garber MD
Anesthesiologist, Medical Director Obstetric Anesthesiology
Saddleback Medical Center
Laguna Hills, CA

How Valuable Is the Use of Accuro During an Initial Anesthesia Consult?

Consider the following case study provided by Dr. Stephen Garber, Anesthesiologist and Medical Director Obstetric Anesthesiology at Saddleback Medical Center, who recently met with an expectant mother presenting anatomical challenges concerning an epidural placement.


A parturient with an ASA Classification of III received anesthesia consult at 25 weeks based on her obstetrician’s recommendation. The patient presented with significant neurological deficits and morbidity secondary to spinal trauma suffered at a young age during a car accident. She had a history of traumatic L1 vertebrae fracture; the postoperative status showed a right L1 laminectomy and fusion of T11-12 to L2-3. Although the instrumentation ended at L 2-3, lateral X-ray demonstrated spaces below L 2-3 were significantly compressed (Figure 1). The patient additionally reported severe chronic pain at the postsurgical scarring and adjacent area and palpation was therefore not practicable. Due to prior surgery and chronic pain, the patient reported significant anxiety concerning ineligibility of epidural placement.

During the consult, the patient’s lumbar spine was evaluated using the Accuro spinal navigation instrument. Based on the Accuro BoneEnhance image and automated landmark indicators and measurements, an accessible intervertebral level for neuraxial anesthesia placement was successfully identified, presumably at the L3-L4 intervertebral level. Interlaminar space midline was identified by Accuro as substantially adjacent to postsurgical scarring (shown Figure 2). Patient was informed during consult that, based on image guided evaluation from Accuro, successful epidural anesthesia would be possible during labor and delivery.

At 38 weeks, the parturient presented to labor and delivery at Saddleback Medical Center for intended vaginal birth. Consulting obstetric anesthesiologist re-assessed the same intervertebral level using Accuro with equivalent findings to those determined at the 25-week consult. The Accuro Locator needle guide was used to mark the needle insertion site, substantially adjacent to postsurgical scarring, and the automated epidural depth reading reported by Accuro was determined. Neuraxial anesthesia was placed successfully based on the indicated needle insertion site and depth from Accuro. Patient reported low levels of pain throughout remaining labor, and delivered a healthy 7-lbs., 7-oz. newborn.

“As an anesthesiologist performing epidurals and spinals, we’re one of the few specialties not using imaging technology regularly to find the epidural space; this is an advancement that is due in our specialty.”


Neuraxial image guidance using Accuro, at both 25-week consult and during labor and delivery, provided essential spinal landmark identification to aid successful neuraxial anesthesia placement in a parturient with postoperative spinal instrumentation and significant compression. The accessible (presumably L3-L4) intervertebral level was identified as a viable intervertebral level compared to other, more compressed or obscured, intervertebral levels with midline adjacent to postsurgical scarring. The implementation of Accuro at the pre-procedural anesthesia consult alleviated patient anxiety and predicted eligibility and placement location for the eventual neuraxial anesthesia placement. Seasoned Obstetric Anesthesiologists may find Accuro to be effective during and after pre-procedural patient consultation to assess and guide neuraxial anesthesia placement, particularly in patients with challenging anatomy, including difficulties accompanying spinal instrumentation, a high BMI, or scoliosis.

Figure 1. Postoperative X-ray imaging reveals a right L1 laminectomy and fusion of T11-12 to L2-3, with narrowed intervertebral spaces below.

Postoperative X-ray imaging

Figure 2. During the 25-week consult, Accuro spinal navigation instrument identifies an accessible (presumably L3-L4) intervertebral level compared to other, more compressed or obscured, intervertebral levels with midline adjacent to postsurgical scarring (red circle).

Accuro identifies compressed epidural space
  1. Duniec, P. Nowakowski, D. Kosson, T. Łazowski, Anatomical landmarks based assessment of intravertebral space level for lumbar puncture is misleading in more than 30%. Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther45, 1-­6 (2013).
  2. J. Lee et al., Ultrasound assessment of the vertebral level of the intercristal line in pregnancy. Anesth Analg113, 559-­564 (2011).
  3. Whitty, M. Moore, A. Macarthur, Identification of the lumbar interspinous spaces: palpation versus ultrasound. Anesth Analg106, 538-­540, table of contents (2008).
  4. Schlotterbeck et al., Ultrasonographic control of the puncture level for lumbar neuraxial block in obstetric anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth100, 230-­234 (2008).
  5. Furness, M. P. Reilly, S. Kuchi, An evaluation of ultrasound imaging for identification of lumbar intervertebral level. Anaesthesia57, (2002).
  6. H. Halpern, A. Banerjee, R. Stocche, P. Glanc, The use of ultrasound for lumbar spinous process identification: A pilot study. Can J Anaesth57, 817-­822 (2010).
  7. J. Watson, S. Evans, J. M. Thorp, Could ultrasonography be used by an anaesthetist to identify a specified lumbar interspace before spinal anaesthesia? Br J Anaesth90, 509-­511 (2003).
  8. Daniela Ghisi, Marco Tomasi, Sandra Giannone, Alessandra Luppi, Lucia Aurini, Letizia Toccaceli, Andrea Benazzo, Stefano Bonarell “A randomized comparison between Accuro and palpation-guided spinal anesthesia for obese patients undergoing orthopedic surgery.” Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2019 Oct; 2019-100538.
  9. M. Seligman, C. F. Weiniger, B. Carvalho, The Accuracy of a Handheld Ultrasound Device for Neuraxial Depth and Landmark Assessment: A Prospective Cohort Trial. Anesth Analg, (2017).
  10. Balki, Y. Lee, S. Halpern, J. C. A. Carvalho, Ultrasound Imaging of the Lumbar Spine in the Transverse Plane: The Correlation Between Estimated and Actual Depth to the Epidural Space in Obese Parturients. Anesthesia and Analgesia108, 1876‐1881 (2009).
  11. Arzola, S. Davies, A. Rofaeel, J. C. A. Carvalho, Ultrasound using the transverse approach to the lumbar spine provides reliable landmarks for labor epidurals. Anesthesia and Analgesia104, 1188-­1192 (2007).
  12. Grau, R. W. Leipold, R. Conradi, E. Martin, Ultrasound control for presumed difficult epidural puncture. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 45, 766‐771 (2001).
  13. Grau, R. W. Leipold, R. Conradi, E. Martin, J. Motsch, Ultrasound imaging facilitates localization of the epidural space during combined spinal and epidural anesthesia. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine26, 64-­67 (2001).
  14. Tran et al., Preinsertion Paramedian Ultrasound Guidance for Epidural Anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia109, 661-­667 (2009).
  15. C. Vallejo, A. L. Phelps, S. Singh, S. L. Orebaugh, N. Sah, Ultrasound decreases the failed labor epidural rate in resident trainees. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia19, 373‐378 (2010).
  16. Perlas A, et al. Lumbar Neuraxial Ultrasound for Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Mar-Apr;41(2):251-60.
  17. Ghisi et al., “A randomized comparison between Accuro and palpation-guided spinal anesthesia for obese patients undergoing orthopedic surgery.” Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2019 Oct; 2019-100538.
  18. Singla et al., “Feasibility of spinal anesthesia placement using automated interpretation of lumbar ultrasound images: a prospective randomized controlled trial.” J Anesth Clin Res. 2019; 10: 878.